Is the USO a Nonprofit? Yes!

By Danielle DeSimone

At the USO, we talk a lot about what we do, because we believe that the service members of the U.S. Armed Forces who we support are the ones that deserve the spotlight. However, we sometimes don’t talk enough about who we are as an organization and whether or not we are a nonprofit.

According to research, a lot of people aren’t sure if the USO is a nonprofit (we are!) or think that we are somehow a part of the government (we aren’t!). So, what is the USO?

There are many answers, but the most important one is this: the USO is a nonprofit, non-government organization and we rely on generous donors like you to fuel our support of the nation’s military.

Here are five ways to help remember our charity status:

Photo credit USO Archives

USO staff and U.S. service members outside of the USO center at Hanapepe, Hawaii during World War II.

1. The USO is a Military Nonprofit Built from Civilian Charities

The USO has been serving those who serve in the U.S. Armed Forces since 1941, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested that an organization be created to support U.S. troops in World War II.

To answer this call, six civilian organizations came together – the Salvation Army, the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA), the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), the National Catholic Community Service, National Travelers Aid Association and the National Jewish Welfare Board – and thus, the United Service Organizations, or USO, was formed.

Photo credit USO Photo

Army boots stand on the ground.

2. Working With – But Not Part of – the Department of Defense

In order to accomplish our mission of supporting active duty, Guard and Reserve U.S. Armed Forces members and their families, the USO works closely with the Department of Defense (DOD) – but we are not a government agency or a part of the government. We are an independent nonprofit.

Since the beginning, the USO has relied on private contributions, grants, donations, goods and services from individual donors and corporations to keep the doors of our centers open and our programs running for our nation’s military.

Fun fact: The USO is a “congressionally-chartered organization,” which means that the United States Congress passed a symbolic law that stated the mission, authority and activities of the USO. Only a handful of nonprofits and organizations have this designation!

Photo credit USO Photo

A USO volunteer hands out USO Care Packages to service members.

3. Powered by a Force of 30,000 Volunteers

With more than 250 locations, the USO serves millions of service members and their families each year thanks to our volunteers. There are more than 30,000 USO volunteers around the world and they are the heart of our organization – without them, we wouldn’t be able to do what we do.

Whether it’s helping at our community events for military spouses, greeting guests at the front desk of an airport center, organizing dinners for service members stationed downrange or simply providing a listening ear, our volunteers ensure that we can carry out our mission to serve the U.S. Armed Forces working around the world.

Photo credit USO Photo

A service member records himself reading a bedtime story to his child through the USO Bob Hope Legacy Reading Program.

4. Fueled by Generous Supporters Who Give Donations Big and Small

Aside from our volunteers, the other way the USO is able to carry out its mission is thanks to generous donors from around the country. As a charity organization, our work depends on those that give a little or give a lot. Regardless of the amount, every dollar counts.

Because of our donors, we are able to support our wounded, ill and injured service members while they recover; we can offer programs that allow deployed parents to read their child a bedtime story from halfway around the world; we help military spouses connect with each other and potential employers; and so much more.

None of this could be accomplished without the support of individual donors and our corporate partners who make sure that America’s military knows we have their backs.

Photo credit DVIDS

Service members enjoy a USO show.

5. An On-Going Legacy of Providing Free Entertainment to Troops

When you hear “USO,” your first thought might be of WWII, Korea and Vietnam where entertainers like Laurel and Hardy, Bob Hope and Marilyn Monroe performed free shows for GIs serving on the front lines.

Today, the USO continues this tradition of free, live entertainment, and hosts USO Tours for service members and their families stationed all around the world.

The days of Bing Crosby are long gone, but today we have exciting acts that include NBA champions, Emmy Award-winning comedians, CMA-winning country music artists, famous actors and many, many more.

Regardless of who they are or where they come from, our USO entertainers all participate on our USO tours by donating their time and energy for free because they believe in our mission – and because they believe in giving back to our nation’s heroes.

-This story was originally published in 2019. It has been updated in 2021.

More Stories Like This

  • About Our USO Centers

    Our USO centers around the world provide active duty, Reserve and Guard U.S. Armed Forces members, as well as their families, with many different versions of the same thing – a place to relax and connect while off duty.

  • What You Need to Know About USO Airport Lounges

    Walking through the airport, you might see the USO logo on a door to a private lounge and think – what is that? What is the USO and what is it doing here? Who can use a USO lounge? And are those doughnuts free?

Every day, America’s service members selflessly put their lives on the line to keep us safe and free. Please take a moment to let our troops know how much we appreciate their service and sacrifice.


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