Jack Hamlin: D-Day in a Matchbox
By Samantha L. Quigley
Thoughts of D-Day don’t always conjure images of the U.S. Coast Guard, but the service was there and saved the lives of nearly 1,500 men and one woman during its service across the pond.
Shortly before D-Day, it was suggested the invasion needed a rescue flotilla, but resources were already stretched thin. At the time, the Coast Guard had 60 cutters on anti-submarine duty along the East Coast of the United States. The 83-foot cutters, powered by two gasoline engines, were built of wood, earning them the nickname, the “Matchbox Fleet.”
The Matchbox Fleet was quickly renamed Rescue Flotilla One and loaded aboard freighters en route to England.
Jack Hamlin was among the 840 men who crewed these vessels. He said, though they really didn’t know what awaited them, their instructions were clear.
“Be nothing, but just be a lifeguard,” he said. “We were not there to destroy anybody, to kill anybody. We were there just to do rescue operations and that’s what we did.
“We went in with the landing barges,” he said while standing in a pasture in Carentan, Normandy, France, in the midst of festivities marking the 70th anniversary of D-Day. “We stayed out of their way, but we went with them in case. … We’d get as many as we could out of the water … and take all we could back to the hospital ships.”
Then they’d do it all over again, but Hamlin’s cutter only made two trips with injured aboard.
“It took us so long getting them out of the water,” he said. “If they were injured, you had to be very careful and you had to have time to take them back to the hospital ships that were 10 miles out from shore. In the rough weather, we couldn’t travel much over 10-15 knots with the injured aboard.”
Just because his cutter never got closer than two miles to Omaha Beach doesn’t mean Hamlin was exempt from the D-Day experience. He saw things “you wouldn’t forget.”
“In my cutter, I didn’t have it that hard. But some of the others did. We had one cutter—I think it was cutter No. 19—saved about 170 that day. That’s quite a job, 170 of them,” he said, with the chill of remembrance momentarily glazing his eyes.
What he helped do that day—pulling wounded from a roiling English Channel—cemented his place in history. Hamlin may view his D-Day participation as just part of his job, but every time he returns to Normandy to mark that historic milestone, he’s reminded that, for some, what he did equated to far more than a day at the office.
For the people of Normandy, especially, but France in general, the Allied troops gave them their futures. And the locals freely express their gratitude when they encounter a veteran.
“The people—the French people—have been wonderful to us. It just thrills me do death!” he said. “I’ve never seen so many women [ask], ‘May I kiss you?’ I lost my wife two years ago. If she was here I’d say, ‘Listen, I can get all the women I want!’”
Hamlin was humbled to receive the French Legion of Honor—the highest honor the French government can bestow upon an Allied troop—on June 5, 2014. But even that didn’t quite measure up to a memory that was as vivid on the 70th anniversary as it was the day it happened.
“Twenty years ago, I came back … [and] I was invited to have dinner with the queen of England. And I did,” he said. “Only 75 Americans from D-Day were invited to have dinner with the queen.
“What I really liked—the queen was wonderful—but the mother queen came around to see all of us. I mean, we didn’t go see her. She came to see us and shake our hands. It was pouring down rain … but she came around to see all of us.
“Wasn’t that something?”
–Samantha L. Quigley is the editor in chief of On Patrol.
Stories in this Series
Jan 15, 2016
The 10th Mountain Division, the only combat division recruited by a civilian organization, was also the only World War II unit that trained outdoorsmen, rock climbers and world-class skiers for a fight in the mountains. Its story is a one-of-a-kind expedition frozen in time.
Dec 5, 2015
Cousins Become Brothers in Arms
They were cousins who farmed during the summers, hunted on the family’s land and worked factory jobs during cold Michigan winters. Despite their heritage, George and Russell Gobba shared another very important trait—They were ready to fight in World War II.
Nov 14, 2015
Surrender at Bataan Led to One of the Worst Atrocities in Modern Warfare
When the Battle of Bataan ended on April 9, 1942, about 12,000 Americans and 63,000 Filipinos became prisoners of war. What followed became known as the Bataan Death March—a brutal journey that left thousands dead.