By David Vergun
August 14. August 15. September 2. September 3. In most countries around the world, depending on where you are, one of these four days is recognized as VJ Day, or Victory over Japan Day.
In Australia, this celebration is called VP Day, or Victory in the Pacific Day.
For those who were not alive during World War II (or were very young), these various VJ Day date observations and names can seem confusing and rather conflicting at first. However, the different date observations and names simply come down to semantics and a better understanding of what happened during each of these days during the end of WWII.
When is VJ Day in the United Kingdom, Netherlands, New Zealand, Canada and South Korea?
Today, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Korea, Canada, the United Kingdom and several other nations commemorate August 15 as VJ Day.
On August 15, 1945, local time, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito broadcast the surrender to the Japanese people on Radio Tokyo. August 15, 1945, marked the end of the fighting and the beginning of the lengthy process of officially ending WWII.
Because of time zone differences, many countries outside of Japan heard word of this surrender broadcast on August 14, 1945, and informally celebrated in real-time.
(Fun fact: August 14, 1945, is when the famous kissing photo was taken in New York City’s Times Square.)
Despite any informal celebrations that occurred, many nations, including those mentioned above, also chose to formally commemorate this announcement a VJ Day as a holiday the next day, August 15.
When is VJ Day in Australia and Why is it Called VP Day?
Interestingly, in Australia, August 15 is called VP Day, or Victory in the Pacific Day. There is even a famous photo taken in Melbourne, Australia, on August 15, 1945, of an Australian woman wearing a “VP Day” sweater. According to Australian government records, she made the garment specially to wear on the day the war was officially over and allegedly never wore it again.
Despite popular myth, August 15 has never been called VJ Day in Australia.
When is VJ Day in the U.S.?
In the U.S., VJ day is officially acknowledged on September 2, 1945. This day marked the formal signing of the Instrument of Surrender aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Japan’s Tokyo Bay.
China and Taiwan also designate Sept. 2 as VJ Day.
When is VJ Day in the Philippines?
The Philippines mark September 3, 1945, as VJ Day because on that date Japanese Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, military governor of Japan to the Philippines, surrendered.
Regardless of what day it is commemorated or the name it is given, the anniversary of the end of WWII is as important to acknowledge today as it was in 1945.
- USO Senior Content Marketing Manager Sandi Gohn also contributed to this report.
-This story first appeared on defense.gov. It has been edited for USO.org in 2021.
More Stories Like This
What is VJ Day and Where Was the USO?
After years of warfare and loss, World War II officially ended on September 2, 1945, with the formal surrender of Japan. Here is how American service members - and the USO - celebrated the end of WWII across the country.
Relive VE Day Through the Eyes of WWII Veterans Who Were There
VE Day, short for “Victory in Europe Day,” marked the end of World War II in Europe and is a significant WWII date. Although VE Day was over 75 years ago, these eyewitness accounts and VE Day photos of that day will make it feel like it was just yesterday.
How the Attack on Pearl Harbor Changed Hawaii, WWII and the USO
In addition to being a pivotal moment in military, Hawaii and world history, the attack on Pearl Harbor was also an important moment in USO history.
More from the USO
Sep 29, 2022
Service Members in Japan Connect to Home and Traditions by Celebrating National Hispanic Heritage Month with the USO
The USO delivered a reminder of home to service members stationed in Okinawa, Japan, by celebrating through traditions and food at a National Hispanic Heritage Month event.
Sep 26, 2022
Military Mental Health and Morale Are the Top Priorities at USO Warrior Center in Germany
Military mental health and morale is an important issue, both for the well-being of our troops and the operational readiness of our nation's Armed Forces. Here's how the USO Warrior Center in Germany is supporting our injured, ill and wounded service members throughout their recovery journey.
Sep 26, 2022
When Service Members Suddenly Deploy to Eastern Europe, Military Spouses in the U.K. Can Turn to USO Lakenheath for Community and Support
The USO is committed to supporting military spouses as they serve their country in their own way. In a small village in the United Kingdom, far from home and loved ones, military spouses know that when their service member deploys to the front lines of Eastern Europe, they can always turn to the USO and their community for support.