By Joseph Andrew Lee
When is Armed Forces Day?
Armed Forces Day is celebrated on the third Saturday in May, and it is the day Americans celebrate their military. In 2022, it falls on Saturday, May 21.
What is the difference between Armed Forces Day and Veterans Day?
Unlike Veterans Day (previously observed as Armistice Day - the end of World War I), which honors those who wore the cloth of our nation at war; and unlike Memorial Day, which honors those who died wearing the cloth of our nation at war, Armed Forces Day is the proper day to honor all of the men and women currently serving, as well as those who have served and sacrificed to defend our freedom.
Who created Armed Forces Day?
Armed Forces Day was created on August 31, 1949, by then-Secretary of Defense, Louis Johnson, to replace separate Army, Navy and Air Force Days. The event stemmed from the Armed Forces’ unification under one Department of Defense by then-President Harry S. Truman when he signed the National Security Act into law on July 26, 1947.
Why do we celebrate Armed Forces Day?
According to the Department of Defense, originally, Armed Forces Day was a type of “educational program for civilians,” one in which there would be an increased awareness of the Armed Forces. It was designed to expand public understanding of what type of job is performed and the role of the military in civilian life. It was a day for the military to show “state-of-the-art” equipment to the civilian population they were protecting. And it was a day to honor and acknowledge the people of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Who is honored on Armed Forces Day?
Armed Forces Day is the day to honor all who currently serve and all who have served, both active and former, in the reserves, National Guard or on active duty. In his February 27, 1950, proclamation announcing the establishment of the holiday, President Truman wrote:
While some may be tempted to point out that the U.S. Coast Guard does not technically fall under the Department of Defense when not at war, the National Security Act of 1947 was very specific about the term “Armed Forces” in the definitions section 606 paragraph eight, which reads, “The term ‘Armed Forces’ means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard.”
How do we celebrate Armed Forces Day?
In the same proclamation, Truman called upon fellow citizens to “display the flag of the United States at their homes on Armed Forces Day and to participate in exercises expressive of our recognition of the skill, gallantry, and uncompromising devotion to duty characteristic of the Armed Forces in the carrying out of their missions.”
One exercise expressive of that recognition is volunteering with or donating to the USO, one of the few congressionally-chartered, nonprofit organizations committed to serving active-duty military and their families.
When was the first Armed Forces Day?
The first Armed Forces Day was celebrated on May 20, 1950. The annual Army Day Parade held in Washington, D.C., during the first week of April was replaced by an Armed Forces Day Parade held during the third week of May.
Why is Armed Forces Day in May?
Armed Forces Day lands right in the heart of National Military Appreciation Month, which begins May 1 with Loyalty Day and includes Public Service Recognition Week (a week to celebrate government employees), VE (Victory in Europe) Day, Military Spouse Appreciation Day, and Armed Forces Week (the third week in May), leading up to Armed Forces Day. The month of military appreciation concludes with Memorial Day, a day to honor our fallen.
Loyalty Day, May 1, is an interesting holiday. It was actually the original date selected for Army Day by the Military Order of the World War, and it was intentionally designed to offset the popular Communist Worker’s Day celebrations or “May Day.”
However, according to an article in the April 1938 edition of the Daily Press from Newport News, Virginia, at the 1928 National Convention of the Military Order of the World War, “it became evident that it would be advisable to hold Army Day celebrations on some day other than the first of May. The consensus seemed to favor April 6, the anniversary of America’s entrance into the World War, as the most appropriate date.”
When a consolidated Armed Forces Day was created in 1950, the celebrations were shifted to the month of May. It wasn’t until March 18, 1961, that President John F. Kennedy declared the third Saturday of May to be a federal holiday.
The USO is a not-for-profit organization and not part of the Department of Defense (DOD). The appearance of DOD visual information does not imply or constitute DoD endorsement.
-This story was originally published in 2020. It has been updated for 2022.
More Stories Like This
What is Military Appreciation Month?
Although the entire month is designated to honoring past and present military members and their families, there are several military holidays sprinkled throughout Military Appreciation Month itself, including Loyalty Day, VE Day, Military Spouse Appreciation Day, Mother’s Day, Armed Forces Day and Memorial Day.
Relive VE Day Through the Eyes of WWII Veterans Who Were There
VE Day, short for “Victory in Europe Day,” marked the end of World War II in Europe. Although VE Day was 75 years ago, these eyewitness accounts of the day from WWII veterans and civilians who were there make it feel like it was just yesterday.
12 Things We’ve Learned from the MilSpouse Community, in Honor of Military Spouse Appreciation Day
To pay it forward on this Military Spouse Appreciation Day on May 8, here are the top 12 life lessons learned from USO Coffee Connection Live conversations with influential members of the military spouse community.
More from the USO
Feb 3, 2023
How the USO and Harris Teeter’s Partnership Impacted a Service Member-Turned-Harris Teeter Employee
For over a decade, the USO and Harris Teeter have partnered with the Support Our Troops Campaign to raise money to support members of the military community. They also have impacted the life of Christian Emory, an Army veteran who gives back to the military community through her role at Harris Teeter.
Feb 1, 2023
7 Moments of Bravery in African American Military History
In celebration of Black History Month and in honor of all the brave Black men and women who have served our country with valor and distinction, the USO is taking a moment to shine a light on the astonishing bravery of seven African American service members who went above and beyond the call of duty.